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引流管护理视频(Drainage Tube Care)

2017-7-16 16:17| 查看: 312| 评论: 0|来自: 颈肩腰腿痛专业治疗


  本视频简要介绍切口引流管的护理以及注意事项。



警告:请在有WIFI的场所观看视频,土豪请随意。


Drainage Tube Care

引流管的护理


Please watch the entire video before caring for your drain. This video will teach you how to take care of your surgical drain. 

  在您进行引流管护理之前,请看完整部视频。本视频将教您如何护理外科引流管。


Surgical drains remove fluid from under your skin near your surgical site, this helps provent infection and encourages heal. A surgical drain consists with a drain tube runs from your surgical site to a bulb that collects the fluid. 

  外科引流将手术部位周围皮下的液体排出,有助于预防感染,促进愈合。外科引流由从手术部位的引流管到收集液体的球状物构成。


You strip the drain tube to keep it clear and to remove any clots or blockages. Then you empty the bulb when it has half full or as instructed by your health care provider.

  您挤干引流管,使它保持清洁,去除血凝块和堵塞物。然后当引流球半满时将它排空,或按照医务人员的指示去做。


You will need: alcohol wipes, a measuring cup, and a drainage record sheet. Be sure to wear disposable gloves if you health care provider says you should.

  您需要下列物品:酒精擦、量杯、引流量记录单。如果医务人员有指示,就记得戴一次性手套。


Be careful not to pull on the tubing. You should not feel any tugging where the tube enters your skin.

  注意不要拉引流管。不要使引流管进入皮肤的部位有牵拉感。


STEP ONE  步骤1

Wash your hand with soap and water, and then dry them.

  用肥皂和水洗手并擦干。


STEP TWO 步骤2

Put on disposable gloves if your health care provider says you should.

  如果医务人员有指示,就戴上一次性手套。


STEP THREE 步骤3

Look for clots or blockages that may prevent the fluid from flowing out of the tube and into the bulb. Some clots may be hid inside the tube under your skin.

  查找有没有血凝块或堵塞物阻碍液体从引流管流到引流球里去。有些血凝块可能隐藏在皮肤下方的引流管里。


STEP FOUR 步骤4

Loosen the clots by gently squeezing the tube surrounding them。

  通过轻柔地挤压周围的引流管使血凝块松动。


STEP FIVE 步骤5

Use one hand to hold the drain tubing place where leaves your skin.

  在引流管离开皮肤的部位用一只手将它固定住。


STEP SIX 步骤6

Use your other hand to pinch the tube with an alcohol wipe between your finger and thumb.

  另一只手的拇指和食指之间用酒精擦捏挤引流管。


STEP SEVEN 步骤7

Slide your pinched fingers along the tube to force any fluid out of the tube and into the bulb. You may need to repeat steps five through seven several times to clear the tube, try not to let go off the tube between steps. 

  沿着引流管滑动捏紧的手指,驱使液体从管子流到引流球内。您可能需要重复步骤5~7数次以使引流管清洁,在这几步之间尽力不要脱离管子。


If fluid remains in the tube, or you accidentally let go, repeat steps 5-7 using a new alcohol wipe. Do not allow the bulb to become more than half full. To much fluid in the bulb reduces the ability to remove fluid from underneath your skin.

  如果液体仍留在管子里,或您意外地脱开管子,重新用一个酒精擦来重复步骤5~7。不要使引流球超过一半满。引流球内过多液体会降低去除皮下液体的能力。


Now you will begin emptying the bulb.

  现在您将开始排空引流球。


STEP EIGHT 步骤8

Hold the buld lower than your incision, so that fluid moves out of the tube and into the bulb.

  保持引流球低于切口位置,这样液体能从管里子流出,流入到引流球内。


STEP NINE 步骤9

Point the bulb away from your body, never squeeze the bulb before taking the cap off.

  将引流球指向离开身体,在揭开盖帽前不要挤压引流球。


STEP TEN 步骤10

Remove the cap, never touch the opening with your bare hands.

  打开盖帽,不要用裸手触碰开口。

 

STEP ELVEN 步骤11

Hold the measuring cup under the bulb.

将量杯放在引流球下方。


STEP TWELVE 步骤12

Turn the bulb upside down and squeeze the fluid into the cup.

  将引流管倒过来,将液体挤到量杯里。


STEP THIRTEEN 步骤13

After removing the fluid, continue squeezing the bulb and use a new alcohol wipe to clean the top.

  将液体倒完后,继续挤紧引流球,并用新的酒精擦清洁顶部。


STEP FOURTEEN 步骤14

While still squeezing the bulb, put the cap back on the top. The depressed bulb create suction continuously removes fluid from underneath your skin.

  当仍旧挤紧引流球时,将帽盖回顶部。压紧的球可创造吸收力,持续将皮肤下的液体清除。


STEP FIFTEEN 步骤15

Read the amount of fluid in the measuring cup.

  读出量杯里液体的数量。


STEP SIXTEEN 步骤16

Write the amount on your record sheet.

  将数量记录到单子上。


STEP SEVENTEEN 步骤17

Empty and rinse the cup as directed. Keep the bulb below the level of your incision, to help the fluid move out of the tube and into the bulb.

  按照指示倒空量杯并冲洗干净。将引流球放在低于切口水平的位置,便于液体从引流管流出,流到引流球里。


Contact your surgeon if you notice:

  如果发现下列情况应联系您的外科医生:


The amount of fluid suddenly increases or decreases

  引流量突然增多或减少


The odor of the fluid changes

  引流液的气味改变


The fluid contains pus, or become thicker over time

  引流液里有脓,或逐渐变浓稠。


Your drains tube falls out, or your incision opens

  引流管脱落或切口开放。


Your incision is red, swollen, painful, or has pus coming out

Or your temperature is 101 ℉ or higher.

  切口红肿疼痛或有脓液流出,或体温超过101华氏度(38.3℃)。


(胡佰文  听



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